Hypothesis and Problem Statement in Research
Research often involves the finding out of some unknown things and
unraveling of new things about a particular phenomenon. As a result
the researcher before the start of the research process has to very
well define the problem and the hypothesis before taking up any
research activity. Thus the stating the Hypothesis of a research is
indeed a detail that is been
given regarding a particular phenomenon.
Null Hypothesis and its relevance
Usually in a research activity there is another hypothesis which is
called as the null hypothesis which is actually the Hypothesis that a
researcher really targets to challenge and prove its validity. Thus
the null hypothesis is in reality an explanation of an occurrence or a
factor that is present in reality in this world which the researcher
really intends to put to test. Stating the Hypothesis can thus be
considered as equal to that of making a guess and then doing the
experiment to see whether the guess that the researcher did turn out
to be correct or wrong.
Statement of the Problem in Research
The second most important thing when it comes across in a research
work is that the researcher in addition to the defining of the
Hypothesis has to very well state the problem that he or she is going
to undertake in the research work. The statement of the problem
usually can be very well restricted to one particular sentence or it
can be very well a small paragraph that can very well extend to more
than one page. Irrespective of the length of the statement that the
researcher very well puts forth it should very clearly describe the
problem. In addition to this the statement that has been stated by the
researcher has to also clearly justify the problem.
The importance of stating the Problem
Thus any research work may really consist of some very key problem
statements that will very clearly give a very good view to the
researcher when going about the research process and also makes them
very well aware and concentrate on the key and very significant areas
which are very much required for the completion of the research work.
Thus the stating of the research problem really and very truly helps
the researcher to completely focus on the research process that they
undertake and in cases where they stray away from their work they can
very well control and drag them back to the research process.
Stating the Hypothesis and the Problem in sentences
In addition to this the Hypothesis has to be a declarative sentence
which will very truly show the relationship among the different types
of variables and the one that has got a particular type of meaning
that is attached to it and the one that can be easily interpreted.
Also the Hypothesis is a thing which can very well be calculated and
also anyone should be able to test it empirically.
Thus both the Hypothesis and the statement of the problem in research
is a very significant step that will very well determine the course of
the research work and the ultimate success of the research work that
is being undertaken. Hence the researcher has to really give much
importance to this particular step when undertaking and also
initializing a research work since a very clearly stated problem and
hypothesis surely ensures the future course of the research work in
the right direction.