Methods of Sampling
The researcher during the course of his research work has to very
well use several methods so as to ensure the success of the research
What is sampling?
Sampling is one such process that is commonly used in the research
process where by the researcher selects units from a given population
with a view to utilize the selected units in the research work. The
units may be organizations, people or any other forms of units that
may well pertain to the research work that is being undertaken. The
importance of the sampling method in the research work is that once
the researcher studies a certain sample that they have chosen they can
in turn generalize the results back into the given population from
which the sample unit was calculated.
Importance of the Sampling Method
The sampling technique forms a very important technique in the
research method in general and also forms a very key and significant
method when it comes to the social research process. Thus in sampling
there are certain key terms in sampling like sample frame and
population which has to be very well understood by any researcher.
The meaning of population in sampling
In most of the social research studies most of the researchers are
only very much interested in generalizing only to certain very
specific groups of people. This kind of selected group that a
researcher really wishes to generalize as a part of the research is
called as the population. The group so chosen by the researcher is
chosen because the researcher is only interested in sampling and also
doing a generalization procedure on this select group of people.
What is a sample frame?
The sample frame is defined as the assessable population that is
indeed listed and from which the researcher will in turn draw the
sample. The group of people that the researcher in turn selects for
the research study is called as the sample of the research work.
Importance of randomization
Thus sampling in a research process needs to be a random process
where in the researcher does not include or show any kind of bias
during the selecting process of the sample units. Random choosing in
turn very well helps the researcher to avoid any kind of bias to be
shown to a particular set of people and thus very well enhances the
quality of the research work. Hence it is of prime importance that the
researcher indeed uses the right sampling techniques and also the
right methods during a research work since this only will very well
ensure the resultant success of the research work and also gives
greater clarity to the research work that is being undertaken by the
Therefore any researcher has to use the best type of sampling method
that they feel will bring the best result for the chosen research
method and also very well ensure that they very carefully chose the
population and also the sample frame that is to be taken for study in
the research work. This if done properly will surely ensure the
success of such a research work that is undertaken.